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NEMA:中国关税将不利美国制造商

NEMA: China tariffs will disadvantage American manufacturers
NEMA:中国关税将不利美国制造商

May 16, 2018—Today the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) testified on behalf of NEMA Member companies and the 360,000 American workers employed in the electrical and medical imaging manufacturing workforce who would be materially affected by the Office of U.S. Trade Representative’s (USTR) proposed 25 percent tariff on more than 100 electrical and medical imaging products and inputs.

2018年5月16日——今天,美国国家电气制造商协会( NEMA )代表NEMA成员公司和受雇于电气和医疗成像制造工人的360,000名美国工人作证,这些工人将受到美国贸易代表办公室( USTR )提出的对100多种电气和医疗成像产品和投入征收25 %关税的实质性影响。

“According to U.S. government trade data, we have estimated the 2017 value of Chinese shipments to U.S.-based electrical and medical imaging manufacturers was approximately $9 billion, or slightly less than 1/5 of the entire $50 billion in imports targeted by the proposal,” said NEMA Vice President Government Affairs Kyle Pitsor. “If the 25 percent tariffs are implemented as proposed, they would represent a tax increase on U.S. manufacturers and their industrial, commercial, and residential customers valued at about $2.25 billion.”

“根据美国政府的贸易数据,我们估计2017年中国对美国电气和医疗成像制造商的出口额约为90亿美元,略低于该提案所针对的500亿美元进口总额的1/5,”NEMA政府事务副总裁Kyle Pitsor说道。“如果按照建议实施25%的关税,它们将对美国制造商及其工业、商业和住宅客户增加税收约22.5亿美元。”

Many U.S. electrical manufacturers either produce their own products in China or source finished goods and components from contractual partners in China as a means to support their U.S. operations. The USTR’s proposal would place a 25 percent tariff on more than 100 product types within or adjacent to NEMA scope—as well as many other items that are inputted to U.S.-based manufacturing. Affected products include everything from electric motors, transformers, and switchgear to LED chips, residential thermostats, and medical imaging equipment such as CT, MRI, and X-ray units.

许多美国电气制造商要么在中国生产自己的产品,要么从中国的合作伙伴处购买成品和部件,以此作为支持其美国业务的手段。 USTR的提案将对NEMA范围内或相关的100多种产品类型以及输入到美国制造业的许多其他产品征收25%的关税。受影响的产品包括电机、变压器、开关设备、LED芯片、住宅恒温器以及CT、MRI和X射线设备等医疗成像设备。

“If implemented, the tariffs will increase the tax burden on U.S. manufacturing operations that are already at a competitive disadvantage due to the tariffs on steel and aluminum imports. The imprecision of broad-based tariffs will result in collateral damage up and down the global supply chains that is better avoided,” Pitsor added.

“如果实施这些关税,将增加美国制造业的税收负担。由于对钢铁和铝的进口征收关税,美国制造业已经处于竞争劣势。基础广泛的关税不准确将导致全球供应链上下的附带损害,最好避免这种损害。”Pitsor补充说。

“U.S. electrical and medical imaging manufacturers support an approach that results in fair and open global markets through the application of clear, binding, and enforceable trade rules and compliance with international norms of intellectual property protection,” Pitsor said. “We urge the Administration to consider and pursue alternative measures to bring about the necessary changes in Beijing that result in free and fair trade in our global marketplace.”

“美国电气和医疗成像制造商支持通过应用明确、有约束力和可强制执行的贸易规则以及遵守知识产权保护的国际规范来实现公平和开放的全球市场的方法,”Pitsor表示。“我们促请政府当局考虑及推行其他措施,使北京作出必要的改变,从而在全球市场实现自由和公平的贸易。”

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